This page provides setup instructions for the software team's tools so members can quickly start learning C++. Please install 64-bit versions of tools if possible and make sure the bitness of all your tools matches by using the appropriate archives/installers.
Eclipse CDT is an integrated development environment which makes it easier to write, build, and test programs written in C and C++.
New Project Toolchain Selection
On Linux, use "Linux GCC". On Windows, use "Cygwin GCC".
Eclipse occasionally shows outdated or false errors in a project file. If this is the case, the project's index needs to be rebuilt. To do so, select the following option.
Right-click project > Index > Rebuild
Keep in mind errors shown in the IDE aren't authoritative. The console build output should be used to determine whether the executable was built successfully.
To configure a project to build with C++14, select "ISOC++1y" from the "Language standard" drop-down menu in the following location.
Right-click project > Properties > C/C++ Build > Settings > GCC C++ Compiler > Dialect
This is the compiler Eclipse CDT will use to build the programs you write. MSYS2 provides a Linux-like environment with this compiler.
Git is a version control system used to manage the code you write. See Git 1 for more information and detailed setup.
Formatters help ensure style guide conformance by automatically correcting deviations. We use the Python 3 scripts provided in WPILib's style guide repository and clang-format for source code formatting. We also use Python 3 for optimizing feedback control system behavior.
Note: The formatter should be considered a safety net. It is good practice to be familiar with the enforced style guide and be able to write code in that style directly.
sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jdk
Download the Eclipse IDE for C/C++ Developers. Once the download is complete, extract it to a directory of your choice.
sudo apt-get install gcc
sudo apt-get install git
sudo apt-get install clang-format python3-pip pip3 install --user wpiformat
Arch Linux Installation
sudo pacman -S jdk8-openjdk eclipse-cpp
sudo pacman -S gcc
sudo pacman -S git
This requires a package from the AUR. Use either the manual installation method (shown below) or an AUR helper.
sudo pacman -S python cd /tmp git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/python-wpiformat-git makepkg -si
Download the JDK 8 installer from here and run it.
Download the Eclipse IDE for C/C++ Developers, then extract it to a directory of your choice.
- Download the MSYS2 installer from here and run it. Use the default installation directory.
pacman -Syu, then close all terminals when directed to do so.
- Add MSYS2 to your system-wide PATH environment variable.
- 32-bit path: "C:\msys32\usr\bin"
- 64-bit path: "C:\msys64\usr\bin"
pacman -S base-devel gcc, then when prompted for which packages in the base-devel group to install, press Enter to select the default option (all of them).
pacman -S git
Download the latest version of LLVM from here under "Pre-Built Binaries" and run it. The default installation options are fine.
MSYS2 keeps a separate PATH environment variable from the operating system. Run the following command to add the LLVM installation to it.
echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/c/Program\ Files/LLVM/bin' >> .bashrc
The following commands install Python and pip, then use pip to install wpiformat.
pacman -S python wget https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py python get-pip.py pip install wpiformat
After those commands complete, close and reopen the terminal so the PATH environment variable change from earlier takes effect.